The Nominal Group Technique is a structured approach for small groups to come to consensus about a research decision. A moderator poses questions to participants and everyone takes turns to respond to, and answer the questions within their group (e.g. “What outcomes are important to you that you think we should include in the research project?”). The small groups then work together to prioritize the ideas or suggestions of all the group members.
The four steps of the Nominal Group Technique are:
1. Generating Ideas
2. Recording Ideas
3. Discussing ideas
4. Voting on ideas
Nominal Group Technique can be useful for:
- Helping groups generate and prioritize their ideas and thoughts around decisions such as research priorities, questions, and outcomes.
- Allowing everyone a chance to speak, voting power, and preventing one person from dominating the discussion.